WOMEN AND WORK
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-- Monday through Friday between 10:30 AM and 1:30 PM
25 West 43rd Street, Suite 1005 (10th Floor)
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JUNE HIGHLIGHTS IN U.S. WOMEN'S HISTORY
These highlights are furnished by the National Women's History Project
. If you would like to learn more, please visit www.NWHP.org
- June 1, 1993 - Connie Chung becomes the second woman to co-anchor the evening news, 17 years after Barbara Walters became the first.
- June 9, 1949 - Georgia Neese Clark is confirmed as the first female treasurer of the United States.
- June 10, 1963 - Equal Pay Act enacted: "To prohibit discrimination on account of sex in the payment of wages by employers engaged in commerce or in the production of goods for commerce." (PL 88-38)
- June 11, 1913 - Women in Illinois celebrate passage of a state suffrage bill allowing women to vote in presidential elections.
- June 17, 1873 - Susan B. Anthony goes on trial for illegally voting in Rochester, New York, on November 5, 1872.
- June 20, 1921 - Alice Robertson (R-Oklahoma) becomes the first woman to chair the House of Representatives.
- June 21, 1997 - The Women’s National Basketball Association (WNBA) plays its first game.
- June 23, 1972 - President Richard Nixon signs Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972, one of the most important legislative initiatives passed for women and girls since women won the vote in 1920. This legislation guarantees equal access and equal opportunity for females and males in almost all aspects of our educational systems
- June 25, 1903 - Madame Marie Curie announces her discovery of radium.
- June 2, 1907 (1998) - Dorothy West, writer, novelist during the Harlem Renaissance
- June 3, 1924 (1991) - Colleen Dewhurst, actress, winner of 4 Emmy Awards, 2 Tony Awards, 2 Obie Awards, and 2 Gemini awards
- June 3, 1916 (1995) - Gloria Martin, socialist, feminist organizer who began Shakespeare & Martin Booksellers
- June 3, 1919 (1989) - Elizabeth Koontz, first African-American president of the National Education Association
- June 7, 1910 (1990) - Marion Wolcott, documentary photographer during the Great Depression
- June 7, 1909 (1994) - Jessica Tandy, award-winning actress in such productions as A Streetcar Named Desire (play, 1948) to Driving Miss Daisy (film, 1989)
- June 7, 1917 (2000) - Gwendolyn Brooks, poet, first African American to win the Pulitzer Prize for Poetry (1950)
- June 8, 1900 (1981) - Estelle Griswold, birth control advocate and pioneer, defendant in the Supreme Court case “Griswold v. Connecticut,” which legalized contraception for married couples in 1965
- June 8, 1903 (1996) - Jessie Bernard, feminist critic and author
- June 9, 1896 (1994) - Catherine Shouse, philanthropist and political activist, benefactor of the Wolf Trap Farm Park for the Performing Arts
- June 9, 1921 (1993) - Phyllis Wallace, economist, first African-American woman full professor at the Sloan School of Management at MIT, pioneer in the study of sex and race discrimination in the workplace
- June 12, 1892 (1982) - Djuna Barnes, artist and journalist, author of Nightwood
- June 12, 1899 (1994) - Anni Albers, textile artist and printmaker, had the first textile art show at the Museum of Modern Art in 1949
- June 14, 1811 (1896) - Harriet Beecher Stowe, author of Uncle Tom's Cabin
- June 14, 1952 - Pat Summitt, former coach of Tennessee's Women's Basketball team, scored the most wins in NCAA history for both men’s and women’s teams
- June 15, 1901 (1993) - Ruth Cowan, journalist, one of the first women military correspondents, president of the Women’s National Press Club
- June 15, 1916 (1989) - Olga Erteszek, Polish immigrant, established the Olga Company in 1960, maker of women’s undergarments, one of the first companies to offer employee profit-sharing
- June 15, 1920 (1994) - Amy Clampitt, poet and author, whose first poem was published when she was 58
- June 16, 1892 (1972) - Jennie Grossinger, highly successful hotel proprietor, managed Grossinger’s in the Catskills, the first resort to use artificial snow (1952)
- June 16, 1895 (1990) - India Edwards, political activist in the Democratic Party, served as vice chair of the Democratic National Committee from 1950 to 1956
- June 16, 1902 (1992) - Barbara McClintock, biologist, awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1983
- June 16, 1915 (1990) - Lucy Davidowicz, Polish refugee, one of the foremost historians of the Holocaust
- June 17, 1865 (1915) - Susan La Flesche Picotte, first Native American physician (1889)
- June 17, 1908 (1989) - Trude Weiss-Rosmarin, editor, writer, co-founder of the School of the Jewish Woman (1933), publisher of the Jewish Spectator (1936)
- June 18, 1913 (1991) - Sylvia Porter, finance columnist and author
- June 19, 1888 (1984) - Hilda Worthington Smith, labor educator and social worker, first director of the Bryn Mawr Summer School for Women Workers in Industry (1921)
- June 20, 1905 (1984) - Lillian Hellman, playwright whose credits include The Children's Hour (1934), The Little Foxes (1939) and Toys in the Attic (1960); blacklisted by the House Committee on Un-American Activities in 1952
- June 21, 1912 (1989) - Mary McCarthy, author and critic; her novel The Group remained on the New York Times Bestseller List for almost two years
- June 22, 1906 (1993) - Anne Morrow Lindbergh, author and aviator
- June 22, 1909 (2006) - Katherine Dunham, dancer and choreographer, combined African movement and classical ballet
- June 22, 1929 (1990) - Rose Kushner, journalist, challenged the practice of radical mastectomy in the 1970s
- June 23, 1905 (1983) - Mary Livingstone, radio comedian, Jack Benny's wife (1927) and showbiz partner (1932-1958)
- June 23, 1921 (2010) - Jeanne M. Holm, first female Air Force Major General (1973)
- June 23, 1940 (1994) - Wilma Rudolph, athlete, first female runner to win 3 gold medals in a single Olympics
- June 24, 1893 (1983) - Suzanne LaFollette, journalist, author, and editor, radical libertarian feminist, served as managing editor of William F. Buckley, Jr.’s National Review, 1955-1959
- June 26, 1902 (1989) - Antonia Brico, conductor
- June 26, 1911 (1956) - Mildred "Babe" Didrikson Zaharias, athlete, outstanding in basketball, track, swimming, golf, and billiards
- June 26, 1922 (1982) - Carolyn Sherif, social psychologist, pioneer researcher in group psychology, self-system, and gender identity
- June 27, 1880 (1968) - Helen Keller, advocate for the disabled, writer and lecturer
- June 28, 1946 (1989) - Gilda Radner, comedian, and original cast member of Saturday Night Live
- June 29, 1897 (1992) - Kazue Togasaki, physician who pioneered a place in medicine for women of Japanese ancestry and was one of the few physicians allowed to practice medicine in the Japanese Internment Camps during World War II
- June 29, 1900 (1997) - Margaret Grierson, archivist, professor, founder and first director of the Sophia Smith Collection at Smith College, which she molded into a women’s history archive
- June 30, 1883 (1970) - Dorothy Tilly, civil rights activist, devoted her life to reforming southern race relations
- June 30, 1899 (2001) - Margaret Byrd Rawson, educator and researcher, identified and treated reading disorders including dyslexia
- June 30, 1903 (1999) - Glenna Collett Vare, first U.S. Women’s Golf Champion (1922)
- June 30, 1917 (2010) - Lena Horne, singer, first African American woman to sign long-term Hollywood contract, fought for contracts guaranteeing African Americans could attend her live performances