Clare Carroll is both Professor of Comparative Literature and Director of Honors in the Humanities. She does research in Renaissance Studies, with particular interests in cultural relations between Ireland and Italy, early modern colonialism, epic poetry, and historiography. She is the recipient of awards from the Fulbright Scholar Program, the National Endowment for the Humanities, the Folger Institute, the Irish American Cultural Institute, Concordia University, and the Professional Staff Congress, CUNY.
She was elected President of the Renaissance Society of America for the period 2018-2020. She served for nine years as Chair of the Comparative Literature Department, for fourteen years and Director of Irish Studies at Queens, and for ten years and Coordinator of Renaissance Studies at the Graduate Center, CUNY. When she won the President's Award for Excellence in Teaching in 1993, one of her students commented: "She encourages us to disagree, debate, and discuss. Most important, she gets us to think."
- Exiles in a Global City: The Irish and Early Modern Rome, 1609-1783. Leiden and Boston: Brill, 2017.
- Circe’s Cup: Cultural Transformations in Early Modern Writing about Ireland. Cork: Cork University Press, and Notre Dame, IN: Notre Dame University Press, 2001.
- The "Orlando Furioso," A Stoic Comedy. Tempe, Arizona: Medieval & Renaissance Texts & Studies, 1997.
- Ireland and Postcolonial Theory. Cork: Cork University Press, Notre Dame, IN: Notre Dame University Press, 2003.
- Editor, Renaissance Literature, Oxford Bibliographies On-line, 2010-.
- Editor, Othello and The Tragedy of Mariam, New York: Longman, 2002.
- Co-editor, An Annotated Edition of "Solon His Follie", co-edited with Vincent Carey [literary and textual introduction and notes by Carroll; historical introduction and notes by Carey]. Binghamton, New York: Renaissance English Texts Society, Medieval & Renaissance Texts & Studies, 1996.
- Co-editor, The Early Modern Period. In The Longman Anthology of British Literature, co-edited with Constance Jordan and Andrew Hadfield. Ed. David Damrosch and Kevin Dettmar. New York: Addison, Wesley, Longman, 1998; second edition, 2002; third edition, 2006; fourth edition, 2009.