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Faculty and Staff


Steven Kruger


Klapper Hall, Room 343
Phone: 718-997-4631

Research Interests

I am currently working on a new book about medieval conversion experience, tentatively titled Convert Orthodoxies, which will consider how and why medieval Jewish converts to Christianity – in a wide range of places and times, from 12th and 13th century France and England to 15th century Spain – became important and influential spokesmen for their adopted religion. I also continue to be interested in the literary genre of medieval dream vision, which was the subject of my earliest publications, and some recent articles connect to that interest. And I have recently published on how medieval material gets taken up on the Internet – specifically in the form of erotic stories addressed to an audience (primarily) made up of gay men.


I teach courses that include the whole range of medieval writing in English (from Beowulf to Chaucer to fifteenth-century drama and poetry) and in the continental European languages. A particular interest in my teaching is medieval religious interaction (among Christians, Jews, Muslims, and pagans), and I also teach the English Department’s courses on “the literature of the Bible.” I have, as well, longstanding teaching interest in the history of the English language, and in literary theory, especially feminist and queer theory.



The Spectral Jew: Conversion and Embodiment in Medieval Europe. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2006.

Queering the Middle Ages. Ed. Glenn Burger and Steven F. Kruger. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2001.

Approaching the Millennium: Essays on Angels in America
. Ed. Deborah R. Geis and Steven F. Kruger. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1997.

AIDS Narratives: Gender and Sexuality, Fiction and Science
. Gender and Genre in Literature Series. New York: Garland Publishing, 1996.

Dreaming in the Middle Ages. Cambridge Studies in Medieval Literature 14. Cam¬bridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992. [Italian translation: Il sogno nel medioevo (Vita e Pensiero, 1996). Paperback, 2005]

“Anti-Judaism/Anti-Semitism and the Structures of Chaucerian Thought.” In Oxford Handbook to Chaucer. Ed. Suzanne Conklin Akbari. Oxford: Oxford UP. [forthcoming]

“Dream Inheritance.” In Interpretation of Dreams/Dream Vision Poetics. Ed. Erin Felicia Labbie. [forthcoming]

 “Postcolonial/Queer: Teaching Gower Using Recent Critical Theory.” In Approaches to Teaching the Poetry of John Gower. Ed. R.F. Yeager and Brian W. Gastle. New York: MLA. [forthcoming]

“Medieval Jewish/Christian Debate and the Question of Gender: Gilbert Crispin’s Disputatio Iudei et Christiani.” In Intersections of Gender, Religion, and Ethnicity in the Middle Ages. Ed. Cordelia Beattie and Kirsten A. Fenton. Genders and Sexualities in History. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2011. 85-103.

“Gay Internet Medievalism: Erotic Story Archives, the Middle Ages, and Contemporary Gay Identity.” American Literary History 22 (2010): 913-44. [with response: Scott Herring. “Erotic Uncreativity: A Response to Steven F. Kruger.” ALH 22 (2010): 945-50.]

 “Afterword” (co-written with Glenn Burger). In Queer Movie Medievalisms. Ed. Kathleen Coyne Kelly and Tison Pugh. Aldershot: Ashgate, 2009. 237-43.

“Convert Orthodoxies: The Case of Guillaume de Bourges.” In Jewish/Christian/Queer: Crossroads and Identities. Ed. Frederick S. Roden. Aldershot: Ashgate, 2009. 47-66.

“Queer Middle Ages.” In The Ashgate Research Companion to Queer Theory. Ed. Noreen Giffney and Michael O’Rourke. Aldershot, Hampshire: Ashgate Press, 2009. 413-33.

“Dialogue, Debate, and Dream.” In The Cambridge Companion to Medieval English Literature. Ed. Larry Scanlon. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009. 71-82.

“Gower’s Mediterranean.” In On John Gower: Essays at the Millennium. Ed. R.F. Yeager. Kalamazoo: Medieval Institute Publications, 2007. 3-19.

“A Series of Linked Assignments for the Undergraduate Course on Chaucer’s Canterbury Tales.” In Teaching Chaucer in the University. Ed. Gail Ashton and Louise Sylvester. Teaching the New English Series. Houndmills: Palgrave Macmillan, 2007.

“Camille, Michael”; “Chaucer, Geoffrey”; “Closet/s”; “Dreams and Eroticism, Dream Books”; “Foucault, Michel”; “Judaism, Gender, and Queering”; “Other, Constructing the”; “Queering, Queer Theory, and Medieval and Early Modern Culture.” In Encyclopedia of Sex and Gender. Fedwa Malti-Douglas, ed. Detroit: Macmillan Reference USA, 2007.

“Dreaming.” In A Concise Companion to Chaucer. Ed. Corinne Saunders. London: Blackwell, 2006. 71-89.

“Queer Chaucer in the Classroom” (co-written with Glenn Burger). In Teaching Literature: A Handbook. Ed. Tanya Agathocleous and Ann Dean. New York: Palgrave, 2003. 31-40.

“(De)Stabilized Identities in Medieval Jewish-Christian Disputations on the Talmud.” In Making Contact: Maps, Identity, and Travel. Ed. Glenn Burger, Lesley B. Cormack, Jonathan Hart, and Natalia Pylipiuk. Edmonton: University of Alberta Press, 2003. 63-85.

“Medieval/Post-Modern: HIV/AIDS and the Temporality of Crisis.” In Queering the Middle Ages. Ed. Glenn Burger and Steven F. Kruger. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2001. 252-83.

“Introduction” (co-written with Glenn Burger). In Queering the Middle Ages. Ed. Glenn Burger and Steven F. Kruger. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2001. xi-xxiii.

“Fetishism, 1927, 1614, 1461.” In The Postcolonial Middle Ages. Ed. Jeffrey J. Cohen. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 2000. 193-208.

“Medical and Moral Authority in the Late Medieval Dream.” In Reading Dreams: The Interpretation of Dreams from Chaucer to Shakespeare. Ed. Peter Brown. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999. 51-83.

“The Spectral Jew.” New Medieval Literatures 2 (Oxford University Press, 1998), 9-35.

“Dream Space and Masculinity.” Word & Image 14 (1998), 11-16.
“‘GET FAT: don't die!’: Eating and AIDS in Gay Men's Culture.” In Eating Culture. Ed. Ron Scapp and Brian Seitz. Albany: SUNY Press, 1998. 36-59.

“Identity and Conversion in Tony Kushner's Angels in America.” In Approaching the Millennium: Essays on Tony Kushner's Angels in America. Ed. Deborah R. Geis and Steven F. Kruger. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1997. 151-69.

“Introduction” (co-written with Deborah R. Geis). In Approaching the Millennium: Essays on Angels in America. Ann Arbor: University of Minnesota Press, 1997. 1-10.

“Conversion and Medieval Sexual, Religious, and Racial Categories.” In Constructing Medieval Sexuality. Ed. Karma Lochrie, James Schultz, and Peggy McCracken. Min¬neapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1997. 158-79.

“Becoming Christian, Becoming Male?” In Becoming Male in the Middle Ages. Ed. Jeffrey J. Cohen and Bonnie Wheeler. New York: Garland Publishing, 1997. 21-41.

“Medieval Christian (Dis)identifications: Muslims and Jews in Guibert of Nogent.” Special Medieval Issue. Ed. Michael Uebel and D. Vance Smith. New Literary History 28 (Spring 1997), 185-203.

“Claiming the Pardoner: Toward a Gay Reading of Chaucer's Pardoner's Tale.” Exemplaria 6 (1994), 115 39. Reprinted in Critical Essays on Geoffrey Chaucer, ed. Thomas C. Stillinger (New York: G. K Hall & Co., 1998), 150-72.

“Webster Street.” In Sister & Brother: Lesbians and Gay Men Write About Their Lives Together. Ed. Joan Nestle and John Preston. San Francisco: HarperSanFrancisco, 1994. 151 57.

“Oppositions and Their Opposition in the Old English Exodus.” Neophilologus 78 (1994), 165 70.

“Nicole Oresme.” In Medieval France: An Encyclopedia. Ed. William Kibler and Grover Zinn. New York: Garland Publishing, 1994.

“Medieval Studies.” In Rethinking the Disciplines: Literature. Ed. Dorothy O. Helly. The CUNY Academy for the Humanities and Sciences, 1994. 23 26. Reprinted in Women in the Curriculum: Literature, National Center for Curriculum Transformation Researches on Women (Baltimore: Towson University, 1997), 24-29.

“Imagination and the Complex Movement of Chaucer's House of Fame.” Chaucer Review 28 (1993), 117 34.

“Racial/Religious and Sexual Queerness in the Middle Ages.” Medieval Feminist Newsletter no. 16 (Fall 1993), 32 36.

“The Bodies of Jews in the Late Middle Ages.” In The Idea of Medieval Literature: New Essays on Chaucer and Medieval Culture in Honor of Donald R. Howard. Ed. James Dean and Christian Zacher. Newark: University of Delaware Press; London and Toronto: Associated University Presses, 1992. 301-23.

“Mirrors and the Trajectory of Vision in Piers Plowman.” Speculum: A Journal of Medieval Studies 66 (1991), 74 95.

“Passion and Order in Chaucer's Legend of Good Women.” Chaucer Review 23 (1989), 219 35.


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