Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 is a federal civil rights law that prohibits discrimination on the basis of sex in education programs and activities at universities receiving federal funds. Under Title IX, discrimination on the basis of sex can include sexual harassment or sexual violence, such as rape, sexual assault, sexual battery, or sexual coercion.
- Title IX at CUNY
- Policy on Sexual Misconduct Training Series
- Understanding Title IX Guidelines When Abroad: A Student Guide
Enough is Enough Law
In July 2015, New York established the “Enough is Enough” law acknowledging that college students deserve a safe, healthy, and nurturing environment free from discrimination and violence. The law addresses sexual assault, dating violence, domestic violence, and stalking on college campuses.
Enough is Enough was one of the first laws in the country to require:
- All New York State colleges and universities to adopt a set of comprehensive procedures and guidelines.
- A uniform definition of affirmative consent.
- A statewide amnesty policy for bystanders or victims who report sexual assault.
- A students’ bill of rights.
- All campuses to undertake campus climate surveys as well as prevention and awareness training.
The law also created a funding program for rape crisis programs to support colleges and universities’ response and prevention needs. Today, the New York State Office for the Prevention of Domestic Violence (NYSOPDV) oversees the funding of 52 rape crisis programs across the state to help provide services to student survivors of sexual assault, dating violence, domestic violence and stalking, as well as support colleges’ implementation of the Enough is Enough law. Funded programs work to prevent campus sexual violence through educational programming that considers the root causes of gender-based violence, promotes bystander intervention, and promotes healthy relationships. They provide student victims with trauma-informed advocacy, counseling, case management and safety planning services.